Showing posts with label USA. Show all posts
Showing posts with label USA. Show all posts

The National Defense Strategy Of 2005.

    The most recent document that had a major impact on the development of the notion of hybrid warfare was Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld's initial  National Defense Strategy (NDS). 

    The National Protection Strategy lays forth a multi-pronged, multi-layered strategy to the nation's and its interests' defense. 

    It aims to establish circumstances that promote nation-state sovereignty and a stable international order that promotes freedom, democracy, and economic opportunity. 

    According to Hoffman, the  NDS presented a strategy for dealing with "unusual problems and strategic ambiguity" and "preparing the Department of Defense to tackle 21st-century issues."  

    The National Defense Strategy (NDS) is divided into three sections: 

    • 1. 'America's Security in the Twenty-First Century,' 
    • 2. 'A Defense Strategy for the Twenty-First Century,' and 
    • 3. 'Desired Capabilities and Attributes.' 

    NDS 2005 outlines "an active, layered approach to the defense of the [US] nation and its interests."  

    While it appears that the NDS's main purpose was to reexamine the US Department of Defense's (DoD) investment portfolio in light of the changing security environment since September , Hoffman's conceptualization also included an analysis of the four major groups of challenges that shape the security environment in the twenty-first century. 

    1. The first category contains 'traditional challenges,' which are most typically associated with governments that utilize armies, navies, and air forces in long-established forms of military conflict.'  
    2. The second includes 'irregular challenges,' which are posed by 'Adversaries,' who use 'irregular methods to erode US influence, patience, and political will... [and] take a long-term approach, attempting to impose prohibitive human, material, financial, and political costs on the US to compel strategic retreat from a key region or course of action.'  'Catastrophic challenges' are the third kind of difficulty. 
    3. These problems arise as a result of "hostile forces" pursuing "catastrophic capabilities, notably weapons of mass destruction." 
    4. The fourth category includes 'disruptive challenges,' which are offered by prospective adversaries aiming to create breakthrough technologies and accompanying military weapons with the ability to radically alter combat ideas. 

    Such "disruptive" developments, according to the NDS, might come in biotechnology, cyber operations, space, directed-energy weapons, and other fields. 

    On the one hand, these descriptions of difficulties provide relatively little new information, particularly since the notion of irregular challenges resembles the previously mentioned 4 GW concept. 

    On the other hand, the NDS's key contribution is its proposal that these difficulties may overlap, since "actors skilled in one might be anticipated to strive to strengthen their position using techniques and skills from others." 

    The NDS notes in its examination of this increasing capacity of combined challenges: 

    • Recent experience shows that the most perilous scenarios come when we are confronted with a complex of difficulties. 
    • In Iraq and Afghanistan, for example, our foes posed both classic and irregular threats. 
    • Terrorist organizations such as al Qaeda pose sporadic risks, but they are also aggressively seeking catastrophic capabilities. 
    • North Korea faces conventional, irregular, and catastrophic issues all at the same time. 

    Furthermore, the NDS concludes that "in the future, the most competent adversaries may strive to combine really disruptive capabilities with conventional, irregular, or catastrophic means of warfare."  

    Two major characteristics of the NDS should be highlighted. 

    • 1. On the one hand, the NDS establishes a highly conventional framework of distinct developing issues, focused on the highest strategic level and developed with the particular objective of preserving and improving America's competitive advantages in light of the changing security environment. 

    • 2. On the other hand, it recognizes that the lines between these issues are blurring, and that this fusion will create America's most competent opponentsIn other words, the NDS implies that tomorrow's difficulties will not offer particularly distinct and independent dangers, but a deadly mixing of them, without diving into the nuances of this fusion, since that is not its aim.


    What is the summary of the National Defense Strategy? 

    It discusses how the United States' Armed Forces will fight and win America's conflicts, as well as how we will cooperate with and through partner countries to create opportunities in the international environment in order to improve security and avoid conflict. 

    What are the 3 Components of the National Defense Strategy

    The National Defense Strategy is divided into three components: 

    1. First, we must restore military preparedness as we construct a more deadly Joint Force; 
    2. second, we must deepen alliances as we seek new partners; 
    3. and third, we must change the Department's commercial operations to improve performance and cost effectiveness. 

    Who came up with the National Defense Strategy? 

    The Office of the Secretary of Defense came up with the NDS.

    The United States Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) develops the National Defense Strategy (or NDS), which is signed by the Secretary of Defense as the Department of Defense's (DoD) capstone strategic direction. 

    What year did the first National Defense Strategy come out? 

    The Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-433), which tasks the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the President, and the Secretary of Defense with providing strategic direction for the armed forces, created the National Military Strategy (NMS). 

    What is the total number of national defense strategies? 

    There have been four NDS reports, the first of which was released in 2005. 

    The NDS was established by the Secretaries of Defense prior to FY2017 to expand on the principles outlined in the QDRs. 

    What is the frequency of changes to the National Defense Strategy? 

    The National Defense Strategy (NDS) establishes military goals for the United States and is updated every four years to coincide with the election of a new president. 

    What is NATO's National Defense Strategy, and what does it entail? 

    Individual liberty, democracy, human rights, and the rule of law are all fundamental elements of NATO's overarching strategy: averting conflict and war, defending Allies, retaining freedom of choice and action, and supporting the ideals and values it stands for. 

    Is the National Military Strategy a classified document? 

    The NMS is classified to allow the Chairman to fully assess the Joint Force operating environment and provide unfettered military advice in support of the 2018 National Defense Strategy. 

    While an unclassified overview of the NMS is made available to the public, the strategy itself is classified to allow the Chairman to fully assess the Joint Force operating environment and provide unfettered military advice in support of the 2018 National Defense Strategy. 

    What Is The National Defense Strategy's Main Goal? 

    The National Defense Strategy (NDS) focuses on the role of the Department of Defense in carrying out the President's National Security Strategy (NSS). 

    It was established by Congress in Section 941 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2017 (Public Law 114-328) to replace the Quadrennial Defense Review, in compliance with the National Security Act of 1947. 

    There have been four NDS reports, the first of which was released in 2005. 

    The NDS was established by the Secretaries of Defense prior to FY2017 to expand on the principles outlined in the QDRs. 

    The Office of the Secretary of Defense prepares the NDS, which is issued every four years. 

    The paper explains how the Department of Defense will contribute to the achievement of NSS goals in order to sustain global security and prosperity. 

    The National Defense Strategy must address the global strategic environment, military posture, and the United States' role in international security.

    ~ Jai Krishna Ponnappan

    You may also want to read and learn more about Global Geo Politics, Conflicts, And Conflict Resolution here.

    Attached: Read the National Defense Strategy 2005

    Read The Summary Of The Latest National Defense Strategy 2018

    Sources, References & Further Reading:

    • Hoffman, Frank, Conflict in the 21st Century: The Rise of Hybrid Warfare, Arlington: Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, 2007, p. 14.
    • For example: Nemeth, William, ‘Future War and Chechnya: A Case for Hybrid Warfare’, PhD diss., Monterey, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002; Morelock, Jerry, ‘Washington as Strategist: Compound Warfare in the American Revolution, 1775–1783’, in Huber, Thomas (ed.), Compound Warfare: That Fatal Knot, Fort Leavenworth: Combat Studies Institute, US Army Command and General Staff College, 2002, p. 78.
    • Qiao, Liang and Xiangsui Wang, Unrestricted Warfare: China’s Master Plan to Destroy America, Panama City: Pan American Publishing Company, 2002.
    • Scobell, Andrew, ‘Introduction to Review Essays on “Unrestricted Warfare”’, Small Wars and Insurgencies, 11, 1 (Spring 2000), pp. 112–13; Cheng, Dean, ‘Unrestricted Warfare: Review Essay II’, Small Wars and Insurgencies, 11, 1 (Spring 2000), pp. 122–9.
    • Thomas Moorer cited on the back cover of Qiao and Wang, Unrestricted Warfare.
    • Bunker, Robert, ‘Unrestricted Warfare: Review Essay II’, Small Wars and Insurgencies, 11, 1 (Spring 2000), pp. 114.
    • Luman, Ronald (ed.), Unrestricted Warfare Symposium 2006: Proceedings on Strategy, Analysis, and Technology, Laurel, MD: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 2006; Luman, (ed.), Unrestricted Warfare Symposium 2008: Proceedings on Combating the Unrestricted Warfare Threat; Integrating Strategy, Analysis, and Technology, Laurel, MD: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 2008.
    • Qiao and Wang, Unrestricted Warfare, p. 155.
    • Hoffman, Conflict in the 21st Century, p. 22.
    • Qiao and Wang, Unrestricted Warfare, p. xxi.
    • Bunker, ‘Unrestricted Warfare: Review Essay II’; Van Messel, John, ‘Unrestricted Warfare: A Chinese Doctrine for Future Warfare?’, Master’s thesis, Marine Corps University, Quantico, 2005.
    • Qiao and Wang, Unrestricted Warfare, p. 48.
    • Lind, William, et al., ‘The Changing Face of War: Into the Fourth Generation’, Marine Corps Gazette (October 1989), pp. 22–6.
    • Van Creveld, Martin, On Future War, London: Brasseys, 1991.
    • Huntington, Samuel, The Clash of Civilisations and the Remaking of World Order, London: Simon and Schuster, 1997.
    • For example: Terriff, Terry, Aaron Karp and Regina Karp, (eds), Global Insurgency and the Future of Armed Conflict, New York: Routledge Press, 2007; Hammes, Thomas, The Sling and the Stone: On War in the 21st Century, St. Paul, MN: Zenith Press, 2004; Benbow, Tim, ‘Talking ’Bout Our Generation? Assessing the Concept of “Fourth Generation Warfare”’, Comparative Strategy, 27, 2 (2008), pp. 148–63.
    • Echevarria, Antulio, Fourth Generation War and Other Myths, Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, 2005.
    • Lind, William, ‘Understanding Fourth Generation War’, Military Review (September–October 2004), p. 12.
    • Echevarria, Fourth Generation War and Other Myths, p. v.
    • Hammes, Sling and the Stone, p. 16.
    • Rogers, Clifford (ed.), The Military Revolution Debate: Readings on the Military Transformation of Early Modern Europe, Oxford: Westview Press, 1995; Parker, Geoffrey, The Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1500–1800, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988; Boot, Max, War Made New: Technology, Warfare and the Course of History, 1500 to Today, New York: Gotham Books, 2006; Murray, Williamson and Macgregor Knox (eds), The Dynamics of Military Revolution 1300–2050, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
    • Hammes, Sling and the Stone, pp. 17, 18.
    • For example: Rogers, Military Revolution Debate; Parker, Military Revolution.
    • Lind, ‘Understanding Fourth Generation War’, p. 12.
    • Lind et al., ‘Changing Face of War’, p. 23; also see Hammes, Sling and the Stone, pp. 22–31.
    • Lind, ‘Understanding Fourth Generation War’, p. 13.
    • Hammes, Thomas, ‘War Evolves into the Fourth Generation’, Contemporary Security Policy, 26, 2 (2005), p. 197.
    • Hammes, ‘War Evolves into the Fourth Generation’, p. 206.
    • Echevarria, Fourth Generation War and Other Myths, p. 16.
    • Huber, Thomas, ‘Napoleon in Spain and Naples: Fortified Compound Warfare’, in C610: The Evolution of Modern Warfare, Term I Syllabus/Book of Readings, Fort Leavenworth: Combat Studies Institute, US Army Command and General Staff College, 1997.
    • Huber, Thomas, ‘Compound Warfare: A Conceptual Framework’, in Huber, Compound Warfare, p. 1.
    • Roberts, Michael, ‘The Military Revolution, 1560–1660’, in Rogers, Military Revolution Debate.
    • See Morelock, Jerry, ‘Washington as Strategist: Compound Warfare in the American Revolution’ in Huber, Compound Warfare; Baumann, Robert, ‘Compound War Case Study: The Soviets in Afghanistan’, in Huber, Compound Warfare.
    • Hoffman, Conflict in the 21st Century, pp. 25–6.
    • Rumsfeld, Donald, ‘The National Defense Strategy of the United States of America’, Washington, DC, March 2005, p. v.

    Whistle-Blower Edward Snowden: A Man with a Few New Friends on The Hill ?

    Being a Hero is About the Rarest/Shortest-lived profession on Earth

               A comment in response to a related article on RT news,

                In this case the UN Convention against ‘Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment’, however, does apply, so as an asylum seeker he can make claims to the government under it. Snowden’s whistle-blowing gives us the possibility to roll back a key part of what has amounted to an ‘executive coup’ against the U.S. Constitution. Since 9/11, there has been, at first secretly but increasingly openly, a revocation of the Bill of Rights for which this country fought over 200 years ago.

    Refer to this as an instance of a similar violation:

                 “I’m not a lawyer, but based on what I know so far, I don’t think he should be prosecuted,” Kentucky Republican Congressman Thomas Massie, a self-styled libertarian, told CQ Roll Call on Monday. “If someone reports illegal activity as a whistle-blower, they shouldn’t be prosecuted.

    “Whether or not this program was authorized by Congress, it seems to me that this is an unconstitutional activity,” he continued, “which would make it illegal, and he should have some kind of immunity.” *



    My own heroes are the dreamers, those men and women who tried to make the world a better place than when they found it, whether in small ways or great ones. Some succeeded, some failed, most had mixed results... but it is the effort that's heroic, as I see it. Win or lose, I admire those who fight the good fight.”― George R.R. Martin

                    With the maturation of Human rights law and current policies of relocating migration management warrant a legal restatement of the concept of extraterritorial asylum. The various manifestations of pre-border migration management question the extent to which existing discourse on diplomatic asylum can be extrapolated to a more general theory on the legality of extra-territorial asylum. ‘The present-day importance of Human rights, including the acceptance that Human rights obligations may bind a state’; this thus requires a determination of whether there can be circumstances under which the petitioned state is ‘under a Human rights obligation’, for an individual, to grant protection and how such an obligation can be accommodated with possible concurrent and conflicting obligations the petitioned state may have with the territorial state. In extraterritorial situations, the scope of these protection duties is informed not only by the duty of non-refoulement, but also involves the preliminary issue of whether and under what circumstances the asylum-seeker may or may not be granted the right, as in other cases or as in this case, forced to physically bring himself within the territorial jurisdiction of the desired state, for example by allowing him to present himself at the border of that state. He has a universally applicable right to seek asylum, that is to be understood as the right to relieve himself from the authority of one country in order to be able to request territorial asylum with the authorities of another.


    Jai Krishna Ponnappan

                                      “Unconsciously we all have a standard by which we measure other men, and if we examine closely we find that this standard is a very simple one, and is this: we admire them, we envy them, for great qualities we ourselves lack. Hero worship consists in just that. Our heroes are men who do things which we recognize, with regret, and sometimes with a secret shame, that we cannot do. We find not much in ourselves to admire, we are always privately wanting to be like somebody else. If everybody was satisfied with himself, there would be no heroes.”― Mark Twain

    Ref. Original post on social media,

    *Courtesy of U.S. Rep. Justin Amash, Michigan's Third District |

    Read More,
    Bipartisan Coalition Proposes Fix To AP Phone Hack

    Russia is willing to consider granting political asylum for NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden, who blew the lid on the US PRISM program, Russian media reported. 

    “If we receive such a request, we will consider it,” Kommersant daily quoted President Vladimir Putin's press secretary Dmitry Peskov as saying. 


    US leaker Edward Snowden 'defending liberty'

              An ex-CIA employee has said he acted to "protect basic liberties for people around the world" in leaking details of US phone and internet surveillance.

    Julian Assange on Edward Snowden,
    "Prism Leaker Is A Hero".

    Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Corruption ~ Changing Scenarios that Define the Corrupt

              The Harvard Business Review is running a very interesting and insightful story on how money in politics is having a deleterious and increasingly eroding effect on U.S. innovation and the economic environment that fosters the same.

    How Corruption Is Strangling U.S. Innovation

    An excerpt from the original entry:

    " If there's been one topic that has entirely dominated the post-election landscape, it's the fiscal cliff. Will taxes be raised? Which programs will be cut? Who will blink first in negotiations? For all the talk of the fiscal cliff, however, I believe the US is facing a much more serious problem, one that has simply not been talked about at all: corruption. But this isn't the overt, "bartering of government favors in return for private kickbacks" corruption. Instead, this type of corruption has actually been legalized. And it is strangling both US competitiveness, and the ability for US firms to innovate.

    The corruption to which I am referring is the phenomenon of money in politics.

    ..Somehow, it seems that every time that [Mickey Mouse] is about to enter the public domain, Congress has passed a bill to extend the length of copyright. Congress has paid no heed to research or calls for reform; the only thing that matters to determining the appropriate length of copyright is how old Mickey is. Rather than create an incentive to innovate and develop new characters, the present system has created the perverse situation where it makes more sense for Big Content to make campaign contributions to extend protection for their old work.if you were in any doubt how deep inside the political system the system of contributions have allowed incumbents to insert their hands, take a look at what happened when the Republican Study Committee released a paper pointing out some of the problems with current copyright regime. The debate was stifled within 24 hours. And just for good measure, Rep Marsha Blackburn, whose district abuts Nashville and who received more money from the music industry than any other Republican congressional candidate, apparently had the author of the study, Derek Khanna, fired. Sure, debate around policy is important, but it's clearly not as important as raising campaign funds.

           ..Ars Technica reports that Derek Khanna is getting axed over his memo detailing the conflict between laissez-faire-oriented free market ideals and the regulatory monopoly that is copyright. 'The Republican Study Committee, a caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives, has told staffer Derek Khanna that he will be out of a job when Congress re-convenes in January. The incoming chairman of the RSC, Steve Scalise (R-LA) was approached by several Republican members of Congress who were upset about a memo Khanna wrote advocating reform of copyright law. They asked that Khanna not be retained, and Scalise agreed to their request. "

    “Greed & Power-lust is a weed that grows only in the vacant lots of an abandoned mind. ” ~Ayn Rand

               The multifaceted Intent and the efforts to control and curb corruption increases levels of trust in the ability of institutions to effectively enforce laws/rules of trade in a fair manner. With varied periods of time pervasive bureaucracy and increasing red tape also tends to create a stagnant climate where corruption can and will flourish, with officials often demanding bribes for the myriad permits needed to carry on business among several other things. Entities and groups with a political and financial upper hand often tend to dominate and predate in a market such as this. High handed corruption as a result continues to remain a major deterrent to distributed and diverse economic activity. Often a better control of corruption has been historically associated with rising levels of innovation and entrepreneurship. Absence of such a critical and defining trust, would invariably restrict the scale and scope of trade and inversely effect productivity and investment in innovation and entrepreneurship.

            Yes, the puzzling relationship between entrepreneurship, innovation, and corruption suggests corruption is inversely correlated to economic growth, entrepreneurship and innovation. That is, beyond all debates and arguments several studies across the globe conclude that as corruption goes up, economic indicators go down. The scope/effects of corruption on business is mediated and outlined by several factors, all of which are related to the ability to reliably enforce rules that promote fair trade and transparency.

    “Political corruption, social greed, and Americanized quasi-socialism can ruin even the most wonderful places. California proved that.” 
    ~Tiffany Madison

             Entrepreneurs and innovators are motivated by the portion of the value created by the venture that they are able to capture for themselves. As corruption increases, entrepreneurs face the risk of losing some of those profits to opportunists taking advantage of the corruption on the value chain. As a result, some potential entrepreneurs become discouraged and abstain from pursuing new business opportunities. The dampening effect of corruption has often been compared with that of taxes. Under this school of thought, corruption would differ from taxation only in the lack of public revenue generated. No matter the depth or potential of their innovations, all of their efforts to solve challenging industrial/social/economic problems could be stymied and nullified by corruption and unscrupulousness that favor the connections and short-term gain of a few over the long-term benefit of the industries they serve, the economy and the populace. Corruption is one of the most restrictive and intractable issues around the world, It is comparable to a wider and deplorable socio-economic disease that pervades and plagues entire cultures and economies  It inhibits the development of a stable and prosperous economy and the flourishing of an active democracy and citizen sector. Demanding transparency and fostering a culture in the public and private sector of accountability and  rule of law is perhaps the only real feasible approach to tackling this issue in the United States.


    Jai Krishna Ponnappan


    Blessed is The Fruitful Hand

    “Among a people generally corrupt, liberty cannot long exist.” 
    ~Edmund Burke

    “Evil is not just a theory of paradox, but an actual entity that exists only for itself. From its ether of manifestation that is garlanded in perpetual darkness, it not only influences and seeks the ruination and destruction of everything that resides in our universe, but rushes to embrace its own oblivion as well.

    To accomplish this, however, it must hide within the shroud of lies and deceit it spins to manipulate the weak-minded as well as those who choose to ally themselves with it for their own personal gain. For evil must rely on the self-serving interests of the arrogant, the lustful, the power-hungry, the hateful, and the greedy to feed and proliferate. This then becomes the condition of evil’s existence: the baneful ideologies of those who wantonly chose to ignore the needs and rights of others, inducing oppression, fear, pain, and even death throughout the cosmos. And by these means, evil seeks to supplant the balance of the universe with its perverse nature. 

    And once all that was good has been extinguished by corruption or annihilation, evil will then turn upon and consume what remains: particularly its immoral servants who have assisted its purpose so well … along with itself. And within that terrible instant of unimaginable exploding quantum fury, it will burn brighter than a trillion galaxies to herald its moment of ultimate triumph. But a moment is all that it shall be. And a micro-second later when the last amber burns and flickers out to the demise of dissolving ash, evil will leave its legacy of a totally devoid universe as its everlasting monument to eternal death.”
    ~ by Adam Turquine. The excerpt is taken from the sequel to 'Beyond Mars Crimson Fleet'

    “When one gets in bed with government, one must expect the diseases it spreads.” ~ Ron Paul


                Looking at the Corruption Perceptions Index 2012, it's clear that corruption is a major threat facing humanity.

               Corruption destroys lives and communities, and undermines countries and institutions. It generates popular anger that threatens to further destabilize societies and exacerbate violent conflicts.

                The Corruption Perceptions Index scores countries on a scale from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean). While no country has a perfect score, two-thirds of countries score below 50, indicating a serious corruption problem.

               Corruption translates into human suffering, with poor families being extorted for bribes to see doctors or to get access to clean drinking water. It leads to failure in the delivery of basic services like education or healthcare. It derails the building of essential infrastructure, as corrupt leaders skim funds.

              Corruption amounts to a dirty tax, and the poor and most vulnerable are its primary victims.

    So, How do we Counter the Effects of Public Sector Corruption?

                  *Governments need to integrate anti-corruption actions into all aspects of decision-making. 
                  *They must prioritize better rules on lobbying and political financing. 
                   *They must make public spending and contracting more transparent, and make public bodies more accountable.

                  After a year with a global focus on corruption, we expected more governments to take a tougher stance against the abuse of power. The Corruption Perceptions Index results demonstrate that there are still many societies and governments that need to give a much higher priority to this issue.

    ~ Jai Krishna Ponnappan

    Toward Soviet America ? | An Appeal to Learn from the Mistakes of the Past


                    This is a comment in response to a very interesting take on America by Xavier Lerma of Pravda posted on Liberty Newswire. It is easy to forget the past and to keep on persisting forward illogically, but there is quiet plainly a lot that needs to be learnt from history, not just our own but theirs as well. I apologize to many of my liberal friends reading this and especially those who work in the media industry. I believe that one can really learn a lot no matter where they are from, in that you have grown and done really well as directed and instructed to successfully propagate and promote all the many strong sentiments to the contrary and to give shape and power to this blinding and overpowering fanaticism over the last few years. It is indeed really hurtful and baffling to be labelled illiterate. I'd like to think and imagine that perhaps being gullible, irrational and willing is what has portrayed us with an otherwise undeserving, uncharacteristic and shameful identity such as this.

    My response to the article,


                       "Whatever concept one may hold, from a metaphysical point of view, concerning the freedom of the will, certainly its appearances, which are human actions, like every other natural event, are determined by universal laws. However obscure their causes, history, which is concerned with narrating these appearances, permits us to hope that if we attend to the play of freedom of the human will in the large, we may be able to discern a regular movement in it, and that what seems complex and chaotic in the single individual may be seen from the standpoint of the human race as a whole to be a steady and progressive though slow evolution of its original endowment." 
    ~ Immanuel Kant.
    Taken from, "Idea for a Universal History from a Cosmopolitan Point of View" (1784)

                 Perhaps it ought to be considered more of a concise summary and a gist, outlining the World's perspective of this country and the tough times and challenging position it finds itself in. Strong Words of Advice and more importantly a very well defined Warning to all the powers that usurp Freedom and dare to prevail against Free men. The only thing a lot of Americans would do well to read over and over again is what Putin said regarding the military, "...instead of solving the problem, militarization pushes it to a deeper level. It draws away from the economy immense financial and material resources, which could have been used much more efficiently elsewhere." , he has all the backing this country and the NWO can never even imagine or dream of at this stage. They hate what happened to them in their painful history and they rarely ever try to conceal the facts, their pain or their shame..... It's only beneficial and apt that such voices of solidarity and concern be heard.

    "Mankind is so much the same, in all times and places, that history informs us of nothing new or strange in this particular. Its chief use is only to discover the constant and universal principles of human nature." 
    ~ David Hume

    Here's the original post as seen on Pravda,

                "Putin in 2009 outlined his strategy for economic success. Alas, poor Obama did the opposite but nevertheless was re-elected. Bye, bye Miss American Pie. The Communists have won in America with Obama but failed miserably in Russia with Zyuganov who only received 17% of the vote. Vladimir Putin was re-elected as President keeping the NWO order out of Russia while America continues to repeat the Soviet mistake.

    After Obama was elected in his first term as president the then Prime Minister of Russia, Vladimir Putin gave a speech at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland in January of 2009. Ignored by the West as usual, Putin gave insightful and helpful advice to help the world economy and saying the world should avoid the Soviet mistake.

    Recently, Obama has been re-elected for a 2nd term by an illiterate society and he is ready to continue his lies of less taxes while he raises them. He gives speeches of peace and love in the world while he promotes wars as he did in Egypt, Libya and Syria. He plans his next war is with Iran as he fires or demotes his generals who get in the way.

    "Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it." 
    ~ George Santayana 

    Putin said regarding the military,

    "...instead of solving the problem, militarization pushes it to a deeper level. It draws away from the economy immense financial and material resources, which could have been used much more efficiently elsewhere."

    Well, any normal individual understands that as true but liberalism is a psychosis . O'bomber even keeps the war going along the Mexican border with projects like "fast and furious" and there is still no sign of ending it.  He is a Communist without question promoting the Communist Manifesto without calling it so. How shrewd he is in America. His cult of personality mesmerizes those who cannot go beyond their ignorance. They will continue to follow him like those fools who still praise Lenin and Stalin in Russia.  Obama's fools and Stalin's fools share the same drink of illusion.

    Reading Putin's speech without knowing the author, one would think it was written by Reagan or another conservative in America. The speech promotes smaller government and less taxes. It comes as no surprise to those who know Putin as a conservative. Vladimir Putin went on to say:

    "...we are reducing taxes on production, investing money in the economy. We are optimizing state expenses.

     The second possible mistake would be excessive interference into the economic life of the country and the absolute faith into the all-mightiness of the state.

    There are no grounds to suggest that by putting the responsibility over to the state, one can achieve better results.

    Unreasonable expansion of the budget deficit, accumulation of the national debt - are as destructive as an adventurous stock market game.

    During the time of the Soviet Union the role of the state in economy was made absolute, which eventually lead to the total non-competitiveness of the economy. That lesson cost us very dearly. I am sure no one would want history to repeat itself."

    President Vladimir Putin could never have imagined anyone so ignorant or so willing to destroy their people like Obama much less seeing millions vote for someone like Obama. They read history in America don't they? Alas, the schools in the U.S. were conquered by the Communists long ago and history was revised thus paving the way for their Communist presidents. Obama has bailed out those businesses that voted for him and increased the debt to over 16 trillion with an ever increasing unemployment rate especially among blacks and other minorities. All the while promoting his agenda.

    "We must seek support in the moral values that have ensured the progress of our civilization. Honesty and hard work, responsibility and faith in our strength are bound to bring us success."- Vladimir Putin

    The red, white and blue still flies happily but only in Russia. Russia still has St George defeating the Dragon with the symbol of the cross on its' flag. The ACLU and other atheist groups in America would never allow the US flag with such religious symbols. Lawsuits a plenty against religious freedom and expression in the land of the free. Christianity in the U.S. is under attack as it was during the early period of the Soviet Union when religious symbols were against the law.   

    Let's give American voters the benefit of the doubt and say it was all voter fraud and not ignorance or stupidity in electing a man who does not even know what to do and refuses help from Russia when there was an oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Instead we'll say it's true that the Communists usage of electronic voting was just a plan to manipulate the vote. Soros and his ownership of the company that counts the US votes in Spain helped put their puppet in power in the White House. According to the Huffington Post, residents in all 50 states have filed petitions to secede from the Unites States. We'll say that these Americans are hostages to the Communists in power. How long will their government reign tyranny upon them?

    Russia lost its' civil war with the Reds and millions suffered torture and death for almost 75 years under the tyranny of the United Soviet Socialist Republic. Russians survived with a new and stronger faith in God and ever growing Christian Church. The question is how long will the once "Land of the Free" remain the United Socialist States of America?  Their suffering has only begun. Bye bye Miss American Pie!  You know the song you hippies. Sing it! Don't you remember? 

    The 1971 hit song by American song writer Don McLean :)

    "And, as I watched him on the stage my hands were clenched in fists of rage.

    No angel born in Hell could break that Satan's spell

    And, as the flames climbed high into the night to light the sacrificial rite, I saw...

    Satan laughing with delight the day the music died

    He was singing, bye bye Miss American Pie

    Drove my Chevy to the levee, but the levee was dry

    Them good ol' boys were drinking whiskey and rye, singing...

    This'll be the day that I die

    This'll be the day that I die

    So, the question remains:

    How long will America suffer and to what depths?"

    "History is for human self-knowledge ... the only clue to what man can do is what man has done. The value of history, then, is that it teaches us what man has done and thus what man is." 
    ~ R. G. Collingwood 

    Thoughts, Prayers.....

    & Best Regards,

    Taxes and Leadership ? It's Your Money ~ Demand Fiscal Responsibility and Transparency !

              This is a comment in response to an interesting statement by Angus King, a Maine independent for US senate.
    The original message, 

    "I will not sign any pledge that limits my ability to represent Maine. "

    Image Ref. 

             This is a highly debatable and crucial subject of great concern and grave consequences for many of us and this Nation. Given national politics and the directions taken at the center, it's easy to understand why many might be inclined to follow suit and make such ill-conceived associations. I agree that it plays an essential role but taxes alone don't make or break leadership. 

    Taxes factor into the economic climate and environment, and eventually impact/affect people, investors, enterprises, their sentiments and the decisions they make. 
    Governments have a responsibility towards All people, they are answerable the most when it comes to hindering growth and progress in the pursuit of excessive governance, regulation, taxation and similar socialist agendas.

    P.S ~ This is an educational and insightful video, but it still does not touch upon or factor in the Human component and volatility stated above,


    Jai Krishna Ponnappan

    P.S ~ I hope others can learn from this, it can be understandably difficult to walk that thin line. I'd like to add that Angus has outlined his plans and intentions for a lowered tax rate here,


    " Implementing tax reform :

    Federal tax law is too complex – it takes over 73,000 pages for the Standard Federal Tax Reporter to explain the federal tax code. 

    The tax structure must be simplified and reformed to lower rates, close loopholes, and ensure that everyone is paying their fair share – this includes the wealthiest Americans. 

    I was in favor of ending the Bush-era tax cuts immediately, but after continued poor employment numbers, we need a more nuanced approach. 

    We should consider pegging the sunset of these tax cuts to something non-arbitrary, like a certain amount of GDP growth, or a lower level of unemployment. This would avoid the unproductive brinkmanship that Congress engages in over this issue – and could prevent our fragile recovery from being further slowed down."

    Rich America ~ A Rich Idea Indeed. Does it Still Stand a Fighting Chance

    This is a comment in response to a post on

    The original message,
    "Do you think the wealthy should pay more tax? Share your views "

    My comment in response,

    The Fruits of your Dreams Come Alive and Emerge Only through Toil and Labor
    " We often hear of wealthy Americans investing overseas. Now, if we increase taxes for them we will start hearing of how they're either moving out altogether, forfeiting their citizenship or finding new loop holes and havens in ways the average person can never possibly fathom. Taxes hurt most of us, just think of what exactly are we paying for: Mismanaged funds? Wastage? Unwanted Excesses? Irrelevant policies and needless programs? Interventions that burn more of our hard earned money than anything else? If you cut taxes, you make it easier for the average enterprise, the smallest of contractors and subcontractors to breathe, stay alive and compete. By increasing the tax burden you put a weight on communities, businesses and the people of this Nation unlike anything they're used to bearing. This was never a Socialist Nation with a big government that needs loads of your money in taxes just to stay operational and then still manage to build these massive debts. It was a Nation where Free enterprises thrived and businesses supported other businesses and everyone else. Investors stop investing not because they started searching for tax havens and new and more promising opportunities overseas but because we fell behind at some point, all our fancy corporate upper management folks mismanaged and threw away the trust placed on them. Our education system has been dealt a sad and unfortunate blow that has necessitated the need for a highly skilled work force to be migrated in from abroad. There has been such poor planning and neglect when it comes to such things. We are seeing political deadlocks and even a needless crisis emerge like never before. To top it all of just observing and examining our health care system, some of its unethical practices that cater more to profiteering than saving lives explains just how many Americans chose to take and take without ever giving back or contributing to raising the bar for this Nation, its communities and people. Individuals and businesses ought to take pride in their work and strive to be the best of the best, there always has to be an ever ready and alive intent to compete. Only then will you get to see the fear disappear, the trust grow back and the funds flying in from every little tax haven that's out there. You can't fight with the choices the rich have but you can definitely work with them if you are sensible and open minded enough to understand how the global market place and economy functions.

    Jai Krishna Ponnappan

    So You Like Yoga, Do You know What it is ? Good. Now Leave it Alone

               I have heard stories of why people stopped subscribing from
    This is a comment in response to a cute, funny, amusing and ridiculous post on their social media page,

    " Welcome to the Health Ranger's yoga class. Today's first pose is DOWNWARD DOG!

    At least Yogi Dog is having fun and doing better than my Culture.



             Perhaps Downward Doggy Yoga was meant to be.... cute after all. When I last checked as per the untold history recorded by the Vedics and their Vedantis, Yoga was something strange, alien, something poorly recorded or understood. It was something treasured but hopelessly obscure practiced by a foreign Sabhya(civilized) sect of nomadic warriors who were exploring and gradually colonizing the Gangetic plains. They practiced these rituals along with 23 other parallel spiritual practices and philosophies in order to maintain, commune or commence uniting with God alongside performing all the other Karmas expected on the battle field and Life. Yoga is meant only for those who have already attained and entered into eternal super consciousness and that seek the permanence of Liberation and Love. A real man can't help but appreciate, adore and Love little children and the infantile who seek such spiritual goals as salvation from which one can still easily fall but he has no choice but to sympathize and set aside pity and grief for all those that fall and continue to fall like a lump of clay sinking to the bottom of a deep and dark well. It is important to note that it's cute, inane and easy to mock or trivialize something you'll never understand but it has been painfully hard for native cultures and many suppressed Human families to go underground and protect their identities, heritage and bodies of knowledge from the hate true of the ignorant and cruel at heart. Dear, As a kind suggestion, You don't practice Yoga for yourself, you are never alone in Yoga, and if you do or your dog does then give it another name. I don't understand why, just as many others have observed before, your Authors and staff seem to stubbornly mix the Sciences so clearly limited and defined in scope with such endless surpluses of deliberate and negative emotions, apparently aimed for your pleasure, recreation and entertainment. 

    P.S ~ Time and again many of the men in my family have often advised and repeatedly warned and discouraged me from having anything to do with a public life or a profession that requires or demands any such thing. For hundreds of years now Native Eurasian cultures and people have been either admixed, suppressed, targeted, terminated  or virtually annihilated. I was surprised to have come to learn, discover and know of just how many such groups even like the Celts fled to the Americas just to escape the tyranny that labels them in  such a dehumanizing way. It is such a shame to know that secrecy is all they'll know as a refuge. Going underground gave them peace and hope. After all the Yogi's and Yoga in it self has been downgraded and condemned to the Dogs of this world, including shameless and fearless ones such as myself who could possibly give nothing more to you than these few lines in the hope that it may educate and enlighten you and bring you a step closer to such Truths as Love but more importantly a step removed and away from such things as hate.

    Dogs are a Man's best friend indeed. They are also far better and more pure than most Human Souls will ever be. To all the Spiritual and the Yogis out there, you'll do very well to stay unflinching and away from the fanatical bigots and organised atheists of this world. Don't let the dogged distraction/adversities they create and their actions present ever faze or bother you.

    May God Bless All Men condemned to living suppressed lives under such false and hateful labels.  

    Jai Krishna Ponnappan

    May the Pulse of Freedom Persist, May it Reign Supreme

    May the Pulse of Freedom Persist
    May it Reign Supreme

    May Freedom dwell in your hearts,
    Protected by integrity
    May it dwell in your hearts through faith 
    May you find its strength rooted,
    Nurtured, protected and grounded in Love. 
    May this Glorious Spirit 
    Dwell deep within you. 
    And May its many struggles and Sacrifices be ever present
    Ever Alive and remembered by all its resilient and brave Children.

    ~ Thoughts & Prayers ~

    In Memory & Honor of those 
    Who shall stay Cherished in our Resolve. 

    For nothing you have given is lost
    For All of Innocence and Truth 
    Is Eternally Preserved.
    You have found Home
    Sheltered within 
    that Glorious & Eternal Heart.

    ~ Jai Krishna Ponnappan